tarihte kadın hakları


Sevgili okurlar bugün Arabistan tarihinde kadın haklarına göz atacağız.

Bu dönem Arabistan kadınlarının en çok aşağılandığı dönem olarak nitelendirmekte bir sakınca bulmuyorum. Bu toplumdaki kadınların neler yaşadığına bakalım
Erkek iki kız kardeşle evlenebilir sınırsız kadınla evlenebilirdi
Bu dönemde yaygınlığı konusunda net bir bilgi bulunmayan kızlarını diri diri gömmeleri gibi bir adetleri vardır ama bunun yaygınlığı konusunda birçok görüş vardır. Elbette ki bu kızları gömme adetlerine uydurdukları iki kılıf vardır. Birincisi: ekonomilerinin yetersiz olduğunu söylerler.
İkincisi: savaş durumunda kadınların esir düşüp köle pazarlarında satılma ihtimali olduğu için gömdüklerini söylerler.
Bir baba kızına sormadan kızına istemeye gelenlere verebiliyordu.
Bir kadının kocası öldüğü zaman miras kadına değil erkeğin ailesine verilir kadın ailesinin evine geri gönderilirdi.
Arabistan’da kadının şahitliği kabul edilmezdi.
Bu adetler çok yaygın adetler olup olmadığı tartışma konusudur çünkü kadına değer veren Arap kabileleri vardır.

Arabistan tarihinde kadınların en çok hak elde ettiği dönem diyebiliriz.
Kızlar artık diri diri gömülmesi yasaklandı.
Kadınlar miras, evlilik, sosyal hayat konularında birçok hak kazandı.
İslamiyet tarihinde kadın hakları yazımda bu konuyu daha ayrıntılı açıklayacağım

1955 yılında kızların okula gitmesine izin verildi
2001 yılında kadınlar artık kimlik sahibi oldu. Elbette ki bu kimlik kadından sorumlu olan erkeğin izniyle çıkartılıyor ayrıca kimlik erkekte kalıyor
2005 yılında zorla evlilik yasaklansa da evlilik sözleşmesi kızın babasıyla eşi arasında yapılmaya devam edildi
2009 yılında ilk kadın bakan yardımcısı seçildi.
2013 yılında kadınların bisiklet ve motosiklet kullanmalarına izin verildi. Ancak bazı şartlar vardı bunlar: yalnızca eğlence ve dinlenme yerlerinde, İslami usullere uygun şekilde örtülü olmak şartıyla ve bir akrabalarının refakatinde. Aynı sene danışma şurasında 30 kadın görevlendirildi.
2015 yılında kadınlara seçme ve seçilme hakkı verildi. Bu seçimlerde 20 kadın belediye yönetimine girmeyi başardı
2018 yılında kadınların araba kullanmalarına izin verildi.
2019 yılında kadınlar artık eşlerinden veya babalarından izin almadan pasaport çıkarma hakkı. Erkek refakati olmadan araç kullanma hakkı verildi.


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